Electric cars, as the name suggests, are cars that run on electrical energy. It is thought that electric cars will have a significant impact on the automotive industry in the future. With the development of battery technologies and increasing environmental awareness, it has a more common usage area today. It is believed that these types of cars will not only save fuel savings but also reduce urban pollution and carbon emission. The degree of reduction of carbon dioxide emission depends on electricity generation and a 30% reduction is expected.
How Do Electric Cars Work?
The working principle of electric cars is based on obtaining kinetic energy by converting direct current into alternating current. This means a simple operating mechanism involving fewer parts compared to internal-combustion cars. When the accelerator pedal is pressed in an electric vehicle, three components are involved: the battery, the control unit, and the electric motor.
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The batteries are responsible for storing energy consist of rechargeable lithium-ion batteries. This energy, which is stored in the form of direct current, passes through the part called the control unit while it is transmitted to the motor. This component, also known as the brain of electric cars, converts direct current to alternating current and enables the motor to generate motion energy. The control unit also helps to determine the amount of current the engine needs to be based on the use of the accelerator pedal.
Click for insulated flexible copper connections used in electrically power vehicles.
Benefits of Electric Cars
The biggest difference between electric cars from standard gasoline-powered and diesel-powered cars is the absence of a clutch, transmission, or exhaust pipe. It is more sensitive to the environment since it does not emit exhaust gases.
The most curious issue about electric vehicles is whether there are differences in driving and performance compared to gas cars. Electric cars have a low center of gravity that improves handling, responsiveness, and driving comfort, as they generate instant torque. This allows electric cars to accelerate and slow down very rapidly compared to gas cars.
Low Fuel Cost
One of the most important benefits of electric cars is that there is no gasoline and diesel cost like gas cars. Foreign dependency especially on gasoline and diesel, prices being in foreign currency, frequent price rises have caused countries to look more favorably on electric vehicles in their future strategies.
Low Maintenance Cost
Electric cars do not have oil and filters that can cause mechanical malfunctions. This reduces the maintenance costs of electric cars.