The studies carried out to benefit from solar energy are based on very, very old dates. The first use of solar energy, which has been used since ancient times, was seen in the 18th century. Studies have been made on the use of solar energy, and Galileo has been successful in this regard. It started with Galileo’s invention of the lens in the 17th century. In 1767, the first solar collector was made by the Swiss scientist Horace de Saussure. In later times, this collector was used for cooking.
The most meaningful development was in 1839 when French physicist Alexandre Edmund Becquerel observed the intensity of electric current between two metal plates, and he invented a device that could measure the intensity of light, and later discovered the photovoltaic effect. After this first step, in 1873, the British scientist Willoughby Smith discovered that selenium is a photoconductor, in 1884, the American inventor Charles Fritts made the world’s first working solar cell by coating selenium with a thin layer of gold. And as technology developed, solar energy systems began to be produced.
What Are The 3 Types Of Solar Panels?
It is a device that converts the sunlight energy on the solar panel into electrical energy. Solar panels consist of photovoltaic semiconductor silicon cells that convert sunlight into electrical energy. A silicon cell can generate a voltage of approximately 0.5 Volts. As a result of soldering the cells in series, the desired panel voltage and current value are reached. In short, a solar panel can be called a combination of various amounts of photovoltaic cells and ready for installation and use. Today, solar panel systems types can be divided into three groups: monocrystalline solar panels, polycrystalline solar panels, and thin-film solar panels.
Monocrystalline Solar Panels
In its construction, silicon material with a monoatomic crystal structure is used. It has a homogeneous construction. It is visibly smooth and dark in color. It is the most efficient solar panel type you can easily reach.
Polycrystalline Solar Panels
It is a solar cell panel produced using silicon with more than one atom in the crystal structure. It is visibly wavy and has cells in lighter blue hues. Their efficiency goes up to the level of 16-18%.
Thin Film Solar Panel
Thin-film solar panels are low-cost also at the same time low-efficiency Lightweight, applicable to building surfaces, minimally affected by localized shading, and do not decrease in efficiency at high temperatures. It is a category that is not frequently preferred because it takes up a lot of space due to its low yields.
What Country Uses The Most Solar Energy?
The country with the most comprehensive solar energy production in the world is China. Asian countries continue to invest heavily in solar energy and Asian countries produce the best equipment in the world. China is also the country with the most comprehensive producer position in both photovoltaic (using solar panels) and solar thermal power generation. The three largest photovoltaic power stations are located in China, including the largest solar-generating desert park.
Which Is The Biggest Solar Plant In The World?
Established in the United Arab Emirates, the world’s largest solar power plant is Noor Abu Dhabi. The power produced provides energy to approximately 90,000 households. To put it more clearly, it is a power plant that can meet the electricity needs of almost half a million people.
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